INFJ Personality Type – Introverted Intuition with Extraverted Feeling
The INFJ psychological type (as outlined by the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator® Assessment, or MBTI® Test) is the Introverted Intuition with Extravered Feeling type. A typical INFJ is astute, imaginative, and quixotic. They’re very good readers of people, with the ability to accurately understand the worries, frustrations, incentives, qualms and beliefs of others, even if those individuals are not yet aware of these feelings themselves. An MBTI test -assessed INFJ type uses this innate ability to comprehend the inner workings of others and applies them to their occupation.
- Can instinctively recognize what is going on in a variety of situations regarding human interactions and relationships, and can naturally discern answers for complicated explanations
- Have high levels of ambition and dedication, and a methodical nature helps them achieve goals
- Extremely focused on what matters, finding no pleasure or importance in insignificant minutiae that have no place in their lives or aspirations
- Feel great sense of accomplishment when their work and values affect the world around them for the better
- Always interested in the progression of their mental and physical well-being, as well as those of their peers and friends, allowing them to motivate and instruct others well to develop new skills that are beneficial for their work
Honor-Bound and Sympathetic
Individuals with the Myers-Briggs® test INFJ personality type value reliability and a person’s word, both in the workplace and in their individual personal lives. They are emblematic, profound, perceptive and sympathetic. They wish to surround themselves with careers and objects that hold a special importance to them, and hold their own values and beliefs in the highest regard. INFJ personality types can often be found applying their personal beliefs or principles to their work, and prefer to surround themselves with people that carry similar thoughts, feelings, and ideals about the world around them.
Individuals with the INFJ personality type preference are the ultimate people-readers, and they are very proud of their ability to be intent and perceptive. They are trustworthy and dependable to those close to them, and are known for being nurturing and sympathetic.
A MBTI Test-assessed INFJ Personality Types ability to read others can sometimes translate to them being less open about their own feelings. While they are adept at discussing another’s feelings and ideals with them, they only let trusted individuals into their own minds and internal processes. INFJ types, then, can sometimes be difficult to read or figure out, as they are not very forward with information. When they do venture to explore their feelings verbally to another, Myers-Briggs INFJ types use abstract wording and allegorical descriptions. An INFJ types values and beliefs, however, are often freely discussed when the INFJ feels that his or her standards are being fought, in which case the INFJ type has no problem standing up to others.
Because of their proud beliefs and their slightly closed-off nature, this MBTI personality type can seem steadfast, tenacious, severe, and isolated to others. They can become so set on their values that they rush into decisions or opinions without consulting any other outside ideas, information, or wisdom. INFJ personality types may also feel that they don’t need to detail how they arrived at a decision or judgment, relying on their own faith in their wisdom as a reliable-enough source to base these choices off of. This can prove difficult in the workplace, especially when they fail to have any evidence or realistic reasoning for their decisions. Furthermore, if they feel challenged in their choices, the INFJ type can become malicious and derogatory towards those around them.
The Other Extreme of the INFJ Type’s Ideals
Similarly, a Myers-Briggs test INFJ type can create overly idealistic goals based on their inner feelings and ideals, and attempt to fulfill these goals even if they are impossible. An INFJ personality types lack of outside wisdom makes it hard for them to realize when their goals do not make realistic sense. By being more open to expressing their inner thoughts and feelings and by openly taking in information and avoiding single-mindedness, MBTI test-assessed INFJ types can become more effective workers and individuals.[Personality type information was referenced from the following publication- (Isabel Briggs Myers, 1998, CPP Inc.)]
Professional Fulfillment is a Must for INFJ Types
The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator INFJ personality type thirsts for significance in their careers and their people-reading skills serve them well in various occupations across several areas, with the four most popular being education, the arts, medicine, and science. Myers-Briggs test INFJ types are drawn to careers that involve helping others, including surgeon, pathologist, or physician. They also thrive in creative fields that involve understanding the human processes, desires, and admirations, such as multimedia artist, interior designer, and writer. Other scientific fields are also popular among MBTI test-assessed INFJ personality types, including engineering, surveying, and research (Allen L. Hammer, 1993, CPP Inc.).
These careers leave lots of room for INFJ personality types to aid others in various ways, and by honing in on certain skills, they can be more effective at doing so. Creating realistic goals for oneself and for projects is one of the best processes that an INFJ can do, as they are often caught off guard when something unforeseen occurs. By not only relying on idealistic yet unrealistic ambitions, you can be ready to adapt to prospects that introduce themselves.
Being open with others, openly networking, and developing personal relationships with those around you will also aid MBTI test -assessed INFJ types in their chosen careers. The broadening of your network will also help open yourself up to new chances and experiences.
Probably the most important skill that a Myers-Briggs test INFJ can develop is that of assessing all facts and wisdoms before rushing into a decision, as is often the case when INFJ’s focus only on their own values as a way of making choices. Individuals with the INFJ personality type need to open themselves up to other tidbits of data or wisdom, even if the information they receive makes them a little uncomfortable. Weighing different options will also help individuals with the INFJ type preference to not make injudicious choices. These skills will not only aid Myers-Briggs Test -assessed INFJ types in further helping others in their chosen careers, but they will also work toward strengthening personal relationships between the INFJ and others.
Click on one of these corresponding popular INFJ Careers for detailed information including Career Stats, Income Stats, Daily Tasks and Required Education: Clinical Psychologist, Curator, Dentist, Desktop Publisher, Editor, Educational / Guidance Counselor, Fashion Designer, Graphic Designer, Healthcare Social Worker, and Pediatrician.
Further Understanding INFJ Personality Types
Myers-Briggs ® INFJ personality types have an uncannily intuitive sense for highly complex meanings and human relationships. Coupled with their passion for improving the lives of others and their impressive degree of organization, they are certainly a force to be reckoned with—powerful leaders and invaluable contributors to any team. They are insightful, creative, and idealistic, and draw connections between their own experiences, their sense of others, and the world around them, all while remaining deeply committed to their values and to those to whom they are loyal. Above all, they search for meaning and significance in every aspect of their lives, from their projects at work to their personal relationships.
While MBTI ® INFJ types do value authenticity and relationships, they are surprisingly private people, often preferring to remain aloof, though they will assert themselves unabashedly if they find that their own or others’ rights or values are infringed upon. As such, they may come across as being distant or even detached from reality or from others. The fact that they rarely give justifications or background information into their decisions, and that they may be overly critical of the decisions or behavior of others, does not help others warm up to them. That said, for those to come to know them well, they can be steadfast friends.
INFJ’s Learning Style: Reflective and Connectionist
INFJ types are visionaries—they are future-oriented and enjoy engaging with material that will broaden their perspective in one way or another, either in terms of interpersonal human relationships or in terms of having new concepts or ideas that engage with the world around them in new and unique ways. They often think in metaphors, that both help them represent connections mentally, and also help them discover new relationships between different concepts and ideas as well as the contexts in which they emerged.
When they are in structured, classroom settings, INFJ personalities and other visionaries tend to prefer more organized lectures or task oriented formats rather than looser, discussion-oriented classes. They are often so absorbed within in-depth theoretical content, that the fact that the material is delivered in a traditional or even dry lecture is irrelevant. If anything, it means that INFJs can focus on the material rather than being distracted by a showy presentation style. Above all, they need the time to be able to reflect on what they’re learning and to be able to connect it to other concepts with which they are already familiar. Along the same lines, INFJ personality types often prefer learning alone, by reading, or in having small group discussions. They need to have the time to consider and analyze the material as individuals before attempting to apply it. That said, having a practical component to a course or workshop is highly beneficial for them, since they tend to have difficulty engaging with material if it does not connect to practice, achieving material goals, or to other concepts and theories they are already familiar with.
When teaching INFJs, instructors will find it helpful to provide them with as many additional resources as possible. While not all students may be interested, additional materials will help INFJ types build additional connections between course material and the outside world, and so will help them strengthen their understandings even more. Because of this deep practicality and engagement with the real world, INFJs are also highly skeptical of simple answers to complex questions. Instead, they enjoy having room to express themselves, ask questions, and explore nuances. For this reason, objective or multiple-choice evaluations are also frustrating for the Myers-Briggs ® INFJ type, while more task-oriented, realistic measures of their abilities are much appreciated. Along the same lines, they also tend to prefer straight-forward, efficient, specific forms of feedback.
INFJs’ Leadership Style: Supportive and Personal
MBTI test INFJ personality types are able to envision long-term goals and identify shorter-term, intermediate benchmarks to gauge progress along the way. While they do sometimes struggle to articulate this vision so that others can follow along, their passion and drive is inspiring and motivating in and of itself. They prioritize strong relationships, and make an effort to be inclusive to different points of view, so that every individual feels like a valued and valuable contributor and team member. That said, the INFJ can at times find it challenging to separate their roles as a leader or a boss, and as a friend. This may lead to them losing influence, or having less control over their team than would otherwise be effective. Along the same lines, because they are so concerned with maintaining relationships, they may inadvertently come across as tolerant of mediocrity because of their lack of specificity in feedback. Without specific, concrete feedback, many individuals will find it hard to improve their output and may subsequently lose motivation.
Nonetheless, INFJ personalities do make strong, energetic role models, and their optimism is highly contagious. While they are methodical and practical, they also have an uncanny ability to tap into others’ values and passions, making sure that they are committed to the task at hand and that they are willing and able to carry out even the most challenging of tasks with a positive attitude. That said, they should make an effort to focus their efforts to strike a balance between amicability and results and friendship and leadership. Otherwise, they risk their teams stagnating and becoming little more than glorified social circles. Instead, they should learn to be diplomatic while still being constructive, supporting members of their teams in improving themselves and their output.
As they continue to develop as leaders, INFJs should make a concerted effort to give more specific feedback, and to address unpleasant details rather than putting them off to someone else, or simply burying or neglecting them. They should also make an effort to develop skills as public speakers, even if only in front of team meetings in the office, as well as skills in negotiating productive disagreements. In many cases, a friendly disagreement can support an organization’s progress, helping individuals hone innovative ideas, and moving towards new directions of growth and development.
INFJs show an impressive degree of self-confidence and self-awareness of their moods—if they are happy, they are conscious of it and understand how they came to feel so. If they are unhappy, they are able to make intentional efforts to redirect their efforts to improving their emotional state, particularly when they are surrounded by others who are equally positive and supportive as well. On the other hand, they may risk losing this ability to self-regulate when they experience insensitivity, cruelty, or a feeling of distance or aloofness, either towards themselves or towards another person.
While INFJs do enjoy variety and are highly adaptable to new situations and circumstances, they also benefit from certain constants, for instance, a respect for personal space and privacy, particularly since they are ultimately introverted and need quite, personal time to recharge and rejuvenate. They also benefit from collaborative relationships with positive people who they can motivate and who they find will also motivate them, and they maintain long-term, close relationships with a small inner circle of very good friends. INFJs’ values also remain relatively constant, even to the extent that they enjoy putting their goals in writing, even though they are highly flexible and will adapt their goals and values to fit their specific context. Along the same lines, INFJs are highly resourceful, and know how to utilize their resources in efficient and organized ways to achieve their ends.
When it comes to interacting with others, INFJs are as aware of others’ emotional composition as they are of their own. They are highly perceptive of personal feelings, and tend to be supportive of others, even to the extent of avoiding giving advice, especially in public, and being slow to criticize or even offer constructive feedback to others. They also tend to be very tolerant of others’ beliefs and values, and are diplomatic when expressing disagreement, if they express disagreement at all, though they will defend themselves if they believe their own values are being encroached upon. They are much more likely to express disagreement in private, in a small group or in a one on one conversation than they are in public. In the same way, they also prefer to interact with small groups in general, and may feel drained after having to be around larger groups for long periods of time.
Because INFJs tend to be so overly emotional and empathetic, other more analytical personality types may have trouble understanding where they are coming from at times, particularly because of how vague their feedback tends to be. As such, as they continue to grow, INFJs would do well to try to give more specific, logically structured feedback so that others can follow their thought processes.
Learn More About the MBTI INFJ Personality Type
Explore additional information that delves deeper into the INFJ Personality Type by examining various personality and career based subjects:
- How the MBTI INFJ Type relates to Innovation
- How the MBTI INFJ Type relates to Project Management
- How the MBTI INFJ Type relates to Emotional Intelligence
- How the MBTI INFJ Type relates to Leadership
Click on a link below to read more about different MBTI Personality Types
Introduction to Type (Isabel Briggs Myers, 1998, CPP Inc.)
Introduction to Type and Careers (Allen L. Hammer, 2007, CPP Inc.)
Introduction to Type and Leadership (Richmond, S. CPP. 2008)
Introduction to Type and Learning (Dunning, D. CPP. 2008)
Introduction To Type® and Emotional Intelligence. (Pearman, R. CPP, 2002)